The Peterbald cat is a very new breed developed in 1994 when a breeder in St. Petersburg, Russia crossed a Donskoy Sphynx cat with an Oriental Shorthair cat.
The result was a cat with varying amounts of hair, wrinkly skin and dextrous front paws like the Donskoy Sphynx, and the vocal personality and long, exotic body style and head shape closer to the Oriental.
The Peterbald comes in different hair types including brush, velour, nude and ultra-bald.
There is a velvety, fuzzy coat called velour. There is completely hairless, referred to as nude, (Within this type is the "ultra-bald" which has no whiskers or eyebrows and an unusual, sticky feel to the skin) then there is a fine wiry texture called brush. This hair type is often very patchy and they often turn completely bald over time.
Peterbald cats are exquisite looking with the agile frame of the Oriental Short Hair and the Modern Siamese cat, but with a more cuddly personality and all-around friendly character.
They tend to make exceptionally gentle, warm and loving companions.
The Peterbald cat is generally considered to be a low-maintenance cat breed. Since they come in any color or pattern, their hair type will ultimately determine the level of care they'll require. Potential Peterbald owners likely won't need to worry about excessive shedding, however even the hairless varieties will require a weekly routine bath or wipe-down. Careful bathing is important so that oils don't build up and cause skin irritation. These cats will also need to remain indoor cats; not surprisingly, their lack of hair causes them to get cold very easily.
Peterbald cats are exceptionally outgoing and energetic. They are a smart and independent breed that will form strong bonds with their family members, including other cats (and even dogs). These energetic cats are actually considered to be rather "dog-like" in that they are affectionate and cuddly while also wanting to be involved in the day-to-day activities of the household. They are very intelligent and can learn tricks--and, also like dogs, they tend to use their voices quite a bit to communicate with their owners. These active and highly athletic cats love nothing more than to spend their time playing with their humans, and they're always willing to participate in games or toys.
Because the Peterbald is so active and playful--and craves interaction with his or her family--they make excellent family pets. However, playtime with children (or fellow pets) should always be supervised, as the cat's lack of fur means that they are especially vulnerable to injury.
Like the sphynx cat, the velour, brush coat and naked need bathing periodically.
Because many Peterbald cats are hairless, sunburn, sensitivity to hot and cold weather, and other skin issues are potential concerns. Their delicate skin can also be easily injured, such as when playing with a cat companion or roughhousing with children. Otherwise, these cats are associated with surprisingly few breed-related health issues (provided they are properly cared for).
Like all breeds, the Peterbald cat can be susceptible to weight-related issues such as obesity or heart disease, so they should be fed a high-protein, high-quality diet and receive plenty of exercise in the form of playtime with their families. The good news is that, also due to their lack of fur, Peterbald's typically have a faster metabolism than cats with full coats, which means that they have healthy appetites; their high metabolism also helps them heal faster than fully-coated kitties when it comes to wounds or scratches.